Die 6697. Sitzung des Sicherheitsrats betreffend Nichtweiterbreitung von Kernwaffen

In seiner 6697. Sitzung vom 21.12.2011 empfing der Sicherheitsrat (SR) der Vereinten Nationen (VN) den Dreimonatsbericht des Vorsitzenden des Sanktionskommittees, das mit Punkt 18. der Resolution 1737 (2006) eingerichtet worden ist, insbesondere über den Stand der Umsetzung der betreffend Irans Atomprogramm erlassenen Resolutionen.

Dieser Bericht wird vorerst als geheim eingestuft, sodass das Sitzungsprotokoll (S/PV.6697) auf der Homepage der VN derzeit nicht zugänglich ist. Zugänglich ist nur eine offizielle Pressemitteilung über diese Sitzung, SC/10502, aus der im Folgenden, vermehrt um einige Anmerkungen, ausgewählte, in der dritten Person wiedergegebene Wortmeldungen der diplomatischen Vertreter der Mitglieder des SR auszugsweise zitiert werden sollen.

SUSAN RICE ( United States) […]

She said she remained seriously concerned that the Panel’s final report had not been released to Member States, describing the delay as an appalling failure of transparency. The report must be made available to all Member States as soon as possible, as it would help States fulfil their obligations under the sanctions regime, she stressed, noting that the ultimate goal was to ensure that Iran entered into full compliance with its obligations. In the face of Iran’s intransigence, the international community must speak with one voice on the danger to international peace and security, she said. The United States was firm in its commitment not to allow Iran to develop nuclear weapons, one of the greatest challenges now facing the international community, she added.

Wie wir sogleich sehen werden, besteht ein signifikanter Unterschied zwischen der Entwicklung von Kernwaffen einerseits und der Entwicklung der zur Herstellung von Kernwaffen notwendigen Technologien andererseits: Ersteres ist nach Artikel II NPT verboten, Letzteres hingegen, wie unten gezeigt, nicht.

DIANE SHEARD (United Kingdom), noting that five years had elapsed since the passage of resolution 1737 (2006), said the Iranian nuclear programme had continued, in direct contravention of that resolution and the country’s NPT obligations. Iran’s clear objective was to develop the technology required for a nuclear explosive device. Unambiguous evidence had been provided, she said, adding that the military dimension of Iran’s nuclear programme was “compelling”. The Agency’s report discussed activities relevant to developing a nuclear explosive device, as well the civilian and military applications of Iran’s nuclear programme, she said.

Pointing out that a series of offers had been presented over the years, she said the one by the “EU3+3” (France, Germany, United Kingdom, China, United States, Russian Federation) remained on the table, but Iran had decided not to engage. She said that if Iran verified suspension of its enrichment programme and heeded the relevant Council resolutions and IAEA obligations, it would be able to pursue peaceful nuclear activity and enjoy peaceful economic and energy cooperation. In fact, the Iranian Government had rejected such overtures since June 2008, she noted, asking why, if it produced only peaceful nuclear power, it would have rejected those offers. Iran’s intransigence had resulted in Council sanctions, she said, adding that although Iran had said that it wanted a peaceful nuclear programme, the facts did not bear that out. “There is only one conclusion — Iran is determined to develop nuclear-weapons capability.”

Bleibt lediglich rhetorisch offen, wen oder was Irans Programm (be)zwingen soll.

Die „Angebote“ der EU3+3 hat Iran abgelehnt, weil deren Annahme seine Souveränitätsrechte beschnitten hätte. Warum sollte Iran auf Angebote Dritter zur Lieferung und Leistung von Technologie eingehen, wenn er nach NPT das Recht hat, diese selbst zu entwickeln?

Das Streben nach Kernwaffenkapazität (ohne diese Waffen tatsächlich herzustellen) ist nach NPT, wie unten gezeigt, nicht verboten!

GÉRARD ARAUD (France) described the IAEA report as “unprecedented”, saying it only deepened concern that Iran’s nuclear programme was linked to the development of nuclear weapons. The trebling of enrichment levels, the increased use of the Qom facility built in secret and the disappearance of fissile material all painted a picture that left very little doubt about Iran’s intention to develop nuclear weapons under the cover of a peaceful programme, he said, urging the international community to react. Sanctions must continue to be implemented and violations must be dealt with. The Committee must pursue the Panel’s recommendations, including pursuit of violators. Should Iran persist in its refusal to comply with its obligations, France would be ready to adopt sanctions of “unprecedented scope, he emphasized, noting that besides its nuclear activities, plots against foreign diplomats and the attack on the British Embassy in Teheran had engendered further concern. The international community must remain united and firm in the face of those challenges and Iran must negotiate on all the issues raised by IAEA, he said.

Die Töne werden immer weicher…

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